Ancient Greek theatre was centered between 550 and 220 BC. The center of Greek theatre was the prominent city of Athens. A festival known as Dionysia, which honored the god Dionysus, was one of the key starting points of ancient Greek theatre. Most of the materials used in the costumes of Greek theatre no longer exist due to the perishable materials that were used. However, we do know how important costumes were to the play.
Ancient Roman theatre greatly mirrored ancient Greek theatre. The few differences, however, were that it placed less focus on religion, was less philosophical, and almost completely focused on comedy plays. Their costumes were also very similar to Greek theatre: both used multicolored chitons for many of their characters.
Greek and Roman costumes were very similar. They both consisted of similar clothing styles. They were mostly loose fitting clothes that changed with the occasion. (More lavishly decorated for festivals). One of the few differences was that the cloth that the Greeks used was thicker (wool, etc). Both Greek and Roman costumes had symbolism behind them that were automatically understood by the audience members.
Common shoes of these eras: Gladiators, "cothornos" or "buskins" (loose-fitting leather boots laced up to the knees), and "kothornoi" (shoes with high heels introduced in the second century B.C.) Roman actors wore a shoe known as "Baxa" (a sandal made from vegetable leaves, twigs, and fibers).*Below: gladiators
Not much attention was paid to hair or makeup during these times because the actors' hair and face were covered by a mask. *Below: a few styles of women's hair